Cuisine Niçoise and national heritage

1 September 2021

The Niçoise cuisine, meticulously prepared!

Swiss chard pie, socca, pissaladière generously drizzled with olive oil, pan bagnat, small stuffed vegetables, merda de can, stockfish… But yes, you are in Nice ! If the capital of the Côte d’Azur is known for its history, its architecture, its exceptional setting and its Baie des Anges, the cuisine prepared here with love, with good local produce and the savoir-faire handed down from generation to generation, is also an ambassador for the reputation of the city and its region.

For our visitors, the journey often begins on the plate, and for us natives, nothing is more precious than those moments shared around a table with family and friends. A sin of gluttony? Maybe, but it’s so good. Like everything exceptional, the cuisine of Nice is often “imitated”, of course never equalled. And beware of those who dare to transgress traditions: like Asterix’s bard, they could end the feast gagged and tied up in a tree… Did you know that our pan bagnat became part of the “French heritage” last October? A recognition for the sunny “sandwich”, the taste signature of the Comté de Nice, a national treasure, in which (among other things) tomatoes, radishes, broad beans and cebettes, hard-boiled egg, black olives and anchovies are incorporated, but no, no, no vinaigrette! (see recipe below).

This know-how must be protected, to avoid drifts that would distort the authenticity.

This is why the “Cuisine Nissarde” label was created a quarter of a century ago by the Cercle La Capelina d’or on which the Nice Côte d’Azur Metropolitan Convention and Visitors Bureau watches over like milk on the fire and brings to life. And we’re not kidding: a technical committee has been set up to define selection criteria for the recipes, but also for the quality of the products and the welcome. The label is awarded to restaurateurs “who work to enhance the value of Nice’s cuisine, who are committed to respecting recipes, the quality of the products and raw materials used, the quality of reception and customer information, and compliance with health and safety regulations”. Everything is said in this profession of faith. The establishments can be recognised by the official logo. All you have to do is sit down to eat!

1 – A real treasure on our plate

The cuisine of Nice is a “transitional” cuisine between Provence and Italy, between the Mediterranean and the Alps. It is rich in local products that the cordon bleu chefs know how to combine in a bouquet of subtle flavours. If it is above all the cuisine of the sun and that of good health for the general public, connoisseurs distinguish subtleties between the “niçoise”, the “mentonnaise” and the “Monegasque” which each have their own special features.

What a “mesclun”!

Honour to the world-famous Niçoise salad, which can be eaten as a starter and can even make a healthy and tasty complete dish.
On its “menu”: cébettes, tomatoes, broad beans, celery, small purple artichokes, green and red peppers, basil leaves, hard-boiled eggs, anchovy fillets, olive oil and olives from Nice. But no mayonnaise or ketchup!

The right products!

Although market gardening land is in marked decline in the Var valley due to the urbanisation of Nice Eco Vallée, many farmers in the Alpes-Maritimes produce – often organically – everything they need to enjoy their food. They can be found on the main markets and sometimes for direct sale on the farm. It is a guarantee of quality.

200 recipes
With over two hundred original recipes, it is one of the richest (and tastiest) in our regions. “Its originality is also due to the political and geographical isolation of the Comté de Nice for several centuries, creating a cuisine of food self-sufficiency in a poor mountainous region. This incentive to inventiveness has helped to anchor Nice’s cuisine in local identity and values”. (Ref: Wikipedia).

A family affair
It is above all a family cuisine, passed down from parents to children, made with local products but prepared and assembled on the basis of “unchanging recipes”.

Let’s eat!
The “Cuisine Nissarde” label is awarded by the Metropolitan Convention & Vistors Bureau to restaurateurs who are committed to respecting recipes, product quality and providing a warm welcome and information to customers. Reliable values!

Also on the go
No elitism! You can eat “niçois” and very good dishes without ruining yourself: a nice piece of pissaladière or socca, small stuffed vegetables bought on the street corner… There are even officially labelled snacks!

2 – Alex Benvenuto : “Passing on our culinary tradition”

With a view to the inscription on UNESCO’s list of “Culinary practices of the country of Nice, from the sea to the mountains”, an association, represented by its president Alex Benvenuto (see below) and its vice-president Pierre Belleudy, was created in 2017.

In October 2019, the Ethnological and Immaterial Heritage Committee of the Ministry of Culture issued an opinion in favour of the inclusion of the culinary practices of the country of Nice in its inventory. Questions to Alex Benvenuto, retired, ex-DRH at the Crédit Agricole, passionate about jazz and the culture of the Nice region, author of twenty-five books, including several on the cuisine of Nice.

Alex Benvenuto, will cuisine from Nice be classified by UNESCO?

On 15th October 2019, the Ministry of Culture decided: the cuisine of Nice is now part of the national intangible cultural heritage. It was in 2017 that Franck Bermond, a cooking teacher at Sophia-Antipolis and Le Greta, head of Nice’s cooking school, was the first to come up with this far-fetched idea. Now we have good hope of being at UNESCO in 2021.

How does the association work?

For two years the association has brought together a technical and scientific committee of 20 experts, competent and representative, with the task of analysing and establishing the different aspects of the cuisine of Nice. I should point out that we are all volunteers. We have no sponsor, no funding, we are real enthusiasts.

What will UNESCO bring you?

This classification is a great tool. It will help raise awareness of the importance of cuisine in the culture and heritage of Nice. We must do everything we can to promote it. This involves Safeguarding, Evolution and Transmission as part of our identity as well as our history or our language. This cuisine is specific because it combines the softness of the sea with the harshness of the mountains.

What are your objectives?

Our goal is not to say that we forbid mayonnaise in the Pan Bagnat, but to transmit this culinary heritage. We have to evolve: a fixed tradition is a dead tradition. Already, courses in Nice cooking are given at the hotel school. We are also going to promote short circuits, local products.

3 – The Niçoise cooking workshop

The city of Nice intends to enhance the value of Nice’s cuisine by offering a place of transmission and learning around culinary and traditional know-how. This is why, the Atelier cuisine niçoise has been offering local cooking classes, culinary competitions, conferences, presentations and discoveries by craftsmen.

Located in the heart of the Old Town, within the Senate Palace, this workshop is open to those wishing to learn how to make the emblematic recipes of the Niçois cuisine before tasting them on the spot or taking them away.

4 – Jacques Gantié : “The recipes are timeless.”

Jacques Gantié, writer, journalist, former editorialist and great reporter in Nice-Matin where he writes the “Saveurs” column, regales us with his favourites on his blog His informed and gourmet point of view on the cuisine of Nice.

What is the situation concerning Niçoise cuisine today?

It’s a paradox: it is known and appreciated, but the number of addresses has not multiplied in recent years. It is nevertheless carried by talented people, such as Dominique Le Stanc, who had two stars at the Chanteclerc, and who has an astonishing history since he took over “La Merenda” from the Giusti family near the town hall of Nice. It is beautiful and good Nice cuisine, the most difficult thing is to always do the same thing but well. There are also other good restaurants on rue Grimaldi, such as Pierre Altobelli’s “Davia”.

Can there be good Niçoise cuisine elsewhere than in the Comté de Nice?

No. Chefs can be inspired by it, but of course you have to use local products. You can find respectable addresses elsewhere, but like the “bouchons lyonnais”, it is overwhelmed by a dynamic bistronomy that attracts young customers.

Is it possible to touch on tradition and put mayonnaise in the pan bagnat, for example?

Without being fundamentalist, we must respect our dishes, the way the plates are assembled. The recipes are immutable. It’s an impressionistic cuisine, with red, yellow and green. Adding quinoa or noodles is nonsense! That said, even Escoffier had slipped up a bit… The Unesco classification is important for recognition, but only if it’s to move forward, not to celebrate and commemorate.

Because if nothing moves…

The great chef Jacques Maximim had an interesting approach. He was the first to put his personal touch to it by introducing the courgette flower in the early 1980s. It’s a subtle evolution, like that of the city of Nice, where fifteen years earlier there was a well-marked route to Nice cuisine. Today, many small addresses have disappeared, especially in the hills of Bellet due to urbanization. Actions such as La Capelina are very positive because they highlight our gastronomic richness. There is also the scholarly work of the magazine “Lou Sourgentin” which fixes the memory. For those who want to really eat Nice-style, Jacques Médecin’s book “La bonne cuisine du Comté de Nice” remains a landmark.

5 – Lou Balico : Sara Issautier carries on the tradition

In the Issautier family, the father. Jo, a former chef, left the reins of the Lou Balico restaurant to his daughter Sarah, 35 years old.

“My mother, Adrienne Ghiglion-Issautier, started cooking in 1945,” says Jo Issautier. “After having run a restaurant on Place Garibaldi, then l’Escalinada on Rue Pairolière in 1951, she moved to Avenue Saint-Jean-Baptiste forty-one years ago. Inspired by my grandmothers, who taught her everything, Adrienne herself invented recipes from Nice. She was the first to introduce zucchini flower fritters. She was Hélène Barale’s accomplice and rival “.

Lou Balico is of course labelled “cuisine niçoise”. Sarah Issautier, daughter of the third generation, who took over the management of the restaurant with her team, including John, the chef: “For us, this recognition is all the more important as we were the ones who came up with this idea,” says Sarah Issautier. On the technical committee, we represent the “restaurant from generation to generation” side. We are happy with the promotion of the cuisine of Nice, it is a recognition of the authenticity of our work.

6 – La Gaité Nallino, for four generations

Son of the fourth generation of the Nallino family, André is at the head of the restaurant “La Gaité Nallino”, located on Avenue Cap-de-Croix, between Cimiez and Rimiez.

My great-grandparents created this establishment in 1875,” says André Nallino. At the time, the restaurant La Gaité Nallino was a terrace reserved for dancers. The restaurant is labelled “cuisine niçoise”. “All our dishes are 100% Niçoise cuisine: stew, stockfish, ravioli, homemade gnocchi, chard pie, stuffed, veal pouch. We follow well established specifications, we respect the recipes, the products, the freshness and the manufacturing. We are checked once or twice a year “.

Pan Bagnat

With the kind permission of the Vie-Villages editorial staff, the texts published in this article are the reproduction of a dossier published in the edition n°48 of the newspaper, a free monthly magazine in the middle and high country of Nice – February 2020.
Texts by Michel Barry and David Vincent.

Vie-Villages is a free newspaper that aims to be the link between the twenty-eight communes* of the canton of Tourrette-Levens with its vast contours. Twelve thousand copies are distributed every first week of the month in town halls, shops and private letterboxes. The name of this monthly magazine was not chosen by chance. Vievillages wants to be the reflection of villages that want to succeed in life and the witness of the life of the inhabitants in these villages, their villages. A magazine, a link between the small and large communes of the middle and high country of Nice, which “descends” even as far as the “Grande Bleue”.

* Aspremont, Belvedere, La Bollène-Vésubie, Castagniers, Clans, Colomars, Duranus, Falicon, Ilonse, Isola, Lantosque, Levens, Marie, Rimplas, Roquebiliere, Roubion, Roure, La Roquette-sur-Var, Saint-Blaise, Saint-Dalmas-le-Selvage, Saint-Etienne-de-Tinée, Saint-Martin-du-Var, Saint-Martin-Vésubie, Saint-Sauveur-sur-Tinée, Tourrette-Levens, Utelle, Valdeblore, Venanson.

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Photo credits: OMT NCA / J.Kelagopian / JM / Jacques Gantié

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Assistant Director of Marketing and Communication at the Nice Côte d'Azur Metropolitan Convention and Visitors Bureau